E-Bike Maintenance 101: Your Complete Guide to a Smooth Ride




Make the most of your rides with this e-bike maintenance guide!

Invest in the efficiency, functionality and lifespan of which ever style e-bike you call your ride or die by developing your skills, knowledge and habits around e-bike care. While professional tune-ups and sometimes electric bike repairs are key to an efficient e-bike, there are several e-bike care tips you can learn and leverage on your own! Looking for more help?

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Want to keep your smooth ride? Here are some e-bike maintenance tips that will keep your bike fully operational and ready to go at any moment.

Frequently Asked Questions About E-Bike Maintenance

Two electric bikes riding in the mud next to a bronco truck

Why is E-Bike Maintenance Important?

There's nothing worse than heading to your garage for a ride to discover that your e-bike is unusable and unsafe. With regular e-bike services, you will nip any potential problems in the bud and stay on top of the annoying little issues that can arise with e-bikes.

How Often Should An Electric Bike Be Serviced?

You should perform general maintenance and check every time you ride your e-bike (check tire pressure, test brakes, and check battery power). But when it comes to a proper, in-depth service of your e-bike, many people take it to an expert about twice a year for a detailed tune-up.

Do Electric Bikes Need More Maintenance Than Standard Bikes?

Due to the extra components and heavier weight of e-bikes, they often require more frequent services than a standard bike.

Can You Service Your Own E-Bike?

There are many things that an e-bike amateur can learn about e-bike maintenance to keep their ride running smoothly. Many of the components on a standard bike are also present on an e-bike, so a lot of transferable knowledge and skills will come in handy when you transition from a traditional bike to an e-bike.

And if you are starting from scratch, learning basic e-bike maintenance tips is quick and easy and will save you time and money in the long run!

Here are some critical aspects of e-bike maintenance every e-bike owner should know.

E-Bike Battery Maintenance

A strong battery equals a great ride! Perhaps one of the most finicky components of an e-bike, there are sure-fire tips to leverage when increasing the longevity and efficiency of your e-bike battery.

How often should I charge my e-bike battery?

For the most flexibility and spontaneity using your e-bike, we recommend having a fully-charged battery at any given time. That means charging your e-bike after every ride.

closeup of electric bike battery

Factors that affect battery charge frequency

  • Battery age: The older the battery, the less efficient it is at holding and using a charge.
  • E-Bike usage: The more you use your bike, the more you need to charge your bike.
  • Charging best practices: following charging best practices will maximize the functionality of your battery (see best practices below!)

Recommended Practices for Charging Your E-Bike Battery

  1. Read the manufacturer's instructions with every new battery to gain customized insight into how your battery should be cared for.
  2. Charge your battery after every ride.
  3. Use a compatible charger - generic versions may fit, but the factory match will perform the best.
  4. Avoid extreme temps by keeping your bike or battery in a mildly cool and dry place.
  5. Overcharging can reduce the lifespan of your battery - so while you should get a full charge, keep your battery from charging for days on end.
  6. Before storing the e-bike battery, aim to have it at a charge level of 30% to 60%. Storing the battery at extremely high or low charge levels for an extended period can hurt your battery in the long run.
  7. The storage of your battery can help boost protection against the elements. For optimal security, try the ToPeak Trunk Bag.

Cleaning Your E-Bike

It's not just cosmetic - keeping your e-bike clean will help it thrive. Here are some cleaning basics to keep in mind for e-bike maintenance.

someone using water to clean their e-bike

Importance of regular cleaning for e-bike maintenance

  • Dirt and debris removal: E-bikes can get dirty after a good ride. Regular cleaning keeps the bike's various components clean and functioning properly to avoid friction, corrosion, and wear on your bike.
  • Preventing corrosion: Moisture + dirt = e-bike corrosion. Corrosion weakens the frame's structural integrity, affects bike movement, and can potentially lead to component failure.
  • Maintaining optimal performance: A clean bike performs better. Dirt roughs up your bike's drivetrain, chain, and gears for a lame ride and short lifespan.
  • Extending component lifespan: Clean and lubricated drivetrains, brakes, and suspension systems will lead to a longer bike lifespan.

How do I clean my e-bike?

For an in-depth spring cleaning of your bike, follow these steps!

  1. Pull together your tools: You'll need clean water, gentle soap, soft brushes, microfiber cloths, chain cleaner, lubricant, and a spray bottle.
  2. Preparing the bike: Remove any accessories and detachable components like lights, saddlebags, or water bottle cages. Bikes with removable batteries should detach that as well. Lower the saddle or flip it upside down for better access to the frame and components.
  3. Rinse the bike: Use clean water to rinse off the bike, starting from the top and working your way down. Avoid using a high-pressure jet directly on sensitive components like the motor or electrical connections.
  4. Clean the frame and components: Using water, gentle soap and a soft brush, gently scrub the frame, fork, handlebars, and other details. Pay attention to hard-to-reach areas and areas with accumulated dirt or grime, staying cautious about electrical connections.
  5. Rinse and dry: Rinse off the soapy water from the bike using clean water. Use clean microfiber cloths or towels to dry, paying attention to frame joints, suspension components, and drivetrain.
  6. Lubricate the drivetrain: Once the bike is dry, apply an appropriate lubricant to the chain, derailleur pulleys, and other moving parts of the drivetrain. Wipe off any excess oil before reattaching the accessories and detachable components.

Helpful E-Bike Cleaning Products

While you don't need much to keep your bike clean, some handy tools will help. Here are some of our favorite bike-cleaning products:

Muc-Off Bike Cleaning Kit: This kit carries everything you need to keep your bike clean and ready to go in an easy-to-carry bag.

Muc-Off Chain Lube: The last step of the process - adding a good lubricant will keep all moving parts functioning smoothly.

E-Bike Chain Maintenance

Your chain is a critical aspect of bike maintenance that can often fall off the wagon. Chains can be finicky, and if it's not functioning correctly, the result is a squeaky, clunky or ultimately unsuccessful ride.

Closeup of an electric bike chain

Importance of chain maintenance for e-bike performance

  • Efficient power transmission. Power is everything with an e-bike. Having a clean and well-lubricated chain ensures efficient power transfer from the rider and motor to the rear wheel.
  • Smooth shifting. Keeping the chain clean and properly lubricated supports smoother and more reliable gear shifts for a safer riding experience.
  • Extended drivetrain lifespan. Dirt and rocks can grind away at the metal surfaces, causing chain elongation and an increased speed of erosion. Regular chain cleaning and lubrication extend the lifespan of these expensive drivetrain components.
  • Noise reduction. Who wants a noisy bike? Not us. A dirty or dry chain can produce annoying squeaks and grinding sounds during pedaling.
  • Safety. A chain break while riding can hurt more than just your bike. If you don't take care of your chain, it won't hold its strength and may snap at a critical point in your ride, which can easily cause an accident. By regularly cleaning and inspecting the chain, you can avoid any skinned elbows and much more.

How do I maintain my e-bike chain?

Maintaining your e-bike chain comes down to three main things: Getting rid of debris, lubrication, and proper alignment.

Cleaning your chain is an important part of e-bike maintenance that the entire bike can benefit from. But the extra step of lubrication is specific to your chain and critical to a smooth riding experience. Chain alignment ensures your chain is replaced appropriately for efficient gear shifts.

E-Bike Tire Maintenance

You can't get anywhere with a flat tire! From safety to protecting the integrity of your bike, proper tire pressure is vital to a fun ride.

close up of an electric bike tire

Importance of proper tire pressure for e-bike safety

Tire pressure can be an underestimated aspect of bike safety! Too low pressure, and your bike can't tackle roads and turns well. Too much pressure and your tires can explode mid-ride. Here are some things about e-bike tire pressure to keep in mind!

  • Check your tire pressure before every ride.
  • Bring your pressure gauge, pump and patch kit with you on every ride in case you have a flat.
  • Don't over-pump your tires - always check the manufacturer's instructions for each new tire you use.

How Do I Check My E-Bike's Tire Pressure?

Checking tire pressure is simple, but you need some tools to tackle it properly. A tire gauge is your first line of defense against tire pressure issues, as it will determine whether your bike tires need more air. The second tool that will come in handy is a bike pump. Many bike pumps have a gauge in their design, so you only need one tool to take care of everything!

Steps to Check Your E-Bike Tire Pressure:

  1. Gather the necessary tools, including a tire pressure gauge and a pump with a pressure gauge.
  2. Locate the valve stem on the e-bike tire.
  3. Remove the valve cap from the stem.
  4. Press the tire pressure gauge onto the valve stem firmly.
  5. Read the pressure displayed on the gauge.
  6. Compare the reading to the recommended tire pressure specified by the e-bike manufacturer.
  7. If the pressure is too low, attach the pump to the valve stem and inflate the tire gradually.
  8. Periodically check the tire pressure as you inflate to avoid overinflation.
  9. Once the tire reaches the recommended pressure, remove the pump and recheck the pressure with the gauge.
  10. Replace the valve cap on the stem.
  11. Repeat the process for the remaining e-bike tires.
  12. Ensure all tires are properly inflated before riding the e-bike.

E-Bike Brake Maintenance

The last thing you want to discover when flying down a hill is that your brakes are underperforming. Conducting regular brake checks can save your skin. Here's how!

Close up of an electric bike brake

How do I maintain my e-bike brakes?

  1. Inspect the brake pads for wear by visually examining the thickness and condition.
  2. If the brake pads are worn beyond the recommended limit, replace them with new ones. We love the Shimano Deore XT M8000 Resin Disc Brake Pads.
  3. Clean residue off the brake rotor or disc with isopropyl alcohol and a clean cloth.
  4. Check the brake rotor for any signs of warping or damage; consider replacing it.
  5. Pay attention to any unusual noises or vibrations during braking and investigate the cause, addressing any issues promptly.
  6. Periodically check and tighten all brake system bolts and connections to ensure they are secure.

If you have questions about whether your brakes perform at their highest level after these checks, take your bike to an expert for an in-depth evaluation.

E-Bike Suspension Maintenance

E-bike suspension is our rear-end's unsung hero, allowing us to navigate rocky trails, jumps and bumpy pavement without a bone-rattling shake. The suspension absorbs all the bumps from the trail, so your body doesn't have to. Here is how to keep optimal suspension for a butter-smooth ride.

close up of electric bike suspension

How do I maintain my e-bike suspension?

  1. Check the manufacturer's guidelines and recommendations for suspension maintenance specific to your e-bike model.
  2. Inspect the suspension components for any signs of damage, such as leaks, cracks, or excessive wear.
  3. Clean the suspension fork and rear shock using a damp cloth to remove dirt, mud, and debris.
  4. Check the suspension seals for signs of wear or leakage; if necessary, consider replacing them.
  5. Lubricate the suspension system with an appropriate suspension oil to ensure smooth operation. Here is one of our favorite suspension oils, great for all bike types.
  6. Adjust the suspension, compression and rebound settings to match your weight and riding preferences.
  7. Monitor the suspension performance while riding, paying attention to any changes in responsiveness or unusual noises.
  8. Consider having the suspension serviced by a professional technician annually or as the manufacturer recommends.
  9. Keep the suspension protected from extreme weather conditions and store your e-bike in a dry and clean environment.
  10. Inspect the suspension components for any signs of damage, such as leaks, cracks, or excessive wear.

This e-bike maintenance guide will take you 80% of the way to total e-bike health. Leave the other 20% to your e-bike experts during an annual tune-up. For more tool recommendations, bike part replacements, e-bike options, expert insight and more, visit our website!


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